Who wrote the Gospel of Luke?

All the narrative books of the New Testament come to us as unsigned, anonymous documents. The first generation of readers probably knew who the authors of the New Testament books were, but oral tradition was not always passed on in the literary tradition. Scholars speak of “internal” and “external” evidence in support of authorship: clues …

The origins of the Gospels

The church has long affirmed that the New Testament consists of a canon (that is, a “rule” or “standard”) of 27 books. That raises several important questions, such as: Why 27 books? Why only 27? Why four Gospels? Who made the choices regarding inclusion and exclusion, and on what basis?  From a divine perspective, Scripture …

Basic features of the four Gospels

What are we reading when we open, say, Luke’s Gospel in the Christian Bible? Building on what we learned in the previous study, four literary features deserve mention. The Gospel of Luke is: historical literature. There is evidence of a history of composition. Luke drew on oral tradition and sources available to him as he compiled …

What is a Gospel?

The Bible contains four “Gospels,” located at the start of the New Testament: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, named after their authors. These four long narratives serve as the primary source documents for what we know about the life and teaching of Jesus.  The English word gospel comes from the Old English godspell, a translation of the Greek noun euangelion, meaning …